Mohmand District

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Trend Analysis




Area SqKms






Population Density / SqKm



Rural Population



Total Housing Units



Housing Units having Electricity



Housing Units Having Piped Water



Housing Unit using Gas for cooking



Source: Pakistan Bureau of Statistics


The Mohmand District  has a population of around 466,984  and an area of 229,620 hectares (around 10% of the total FATA area). The cultivated area is around 9% and water availability is an issue in most parts  of  the  District.  The  prominent  sectors  include  Agriculture  and  Minerals,  vegetables  are predominant  products  in  Agriculture  while  in  mineral,  reserves  of  Marble,  Chromite,  Dolomite, Manganese, Quartz, Emerald, Nephrite, and Feldspar deposits are also reported in  Mohmand.  In order to  process  the  available  marble  into  world  class  products  and  to  promote  industrialization  in  the district,  Mohmand  Economic  Zone  (also  referred  to  as  Mohmand  Marble  City)  project  is  being initiated. Infrastructure development of the zone has started.

The main sources of Livelihood for the inhabitants are Agriculture, employment in other  cities of the country, transport, and trading. As far as trading is concerned, they are highly involved in Jalalabad, Afghanistan.


1. Export Sector

Trading  activity  is  reasonably  dominant  and  around  40-50  truckloads  per  day  cross  the  border  to Afghanistan using two crossings;  Yaqubi Kandao  and  Lwar Ghakhai. The major goods moving from Pakistan to Afghanistan includes timber, poultry, fertilizers, pesticides, etc. and the ones moving into Pakistan  includes  Electronic  goods,  fruit,  dry  fruits,  vehicles,  vehicle  parts,  etc.  Destinations for imported/smuggled goods are Bajaur, Shabqadar, Peshawar, Charsadda, and Mardan.  A main roadruns through the corridor to Afghanistan.

hand of a farmer giving fertilizer to young baby plants seedling in germination sequence on fertile soil with natural green background

2. Agriculture

The Economic potential of the area is dominated by agriculture because of plain lands but shortage of water persists in the whole District. The major produce is Wheat, Maize and Vegetables.


3. Mohmand Marble City – Minerals

The  previous  FATA  agencies  of  Pakistan  are  rich  in  mineral  deposits  and  there  are  huge reserves  of  marble  spreading  all  over  KP.  Approximately 845  million  tons  of  good  quality marble deposits are available in super white, grey and silky color  in Mohmand. An area of 300 acres has been acquired in Mohmand district to establish Mohmand Marble city.  The available infrastructure in said estate presents enormous opportunities for the investors by providing a  favorable  environment  for  the  dimension  stone  industry  of  Pakistan.    As  per  FATA Development  Authority annual report it is estimated that this project would create 18,000 direct and indirect job opportunities.  Besides Marble  reserves  845 M tons,  Chromite  (1 M ton), Silica Sand (537 M ton), Dolomite (11 M ton), Manganese (1.8 M ton), Quartz, Feldspar, Emerald and Nephrite exist in Mohmand, (source: FATA Development Authority).


4. SWOT Analysis


  1. Upcoming best available infrastructure for processing of Marble in Mohmand.
  2. Possibility of Value addition to Marble product by using state of the art technology.
  3. Process innovation as per international standards.
  4. Employment generation and skill development of the local community.
  5. Close proximity to Central Asia – for trade and export.
  6. Fertile land – Wheat, Maize and Vegetables are the major productions.


  1. Identify and work on projects which have capacity to generate electricity.
  2. Implement plans for construction of Hydro Power Stations for excess electricity in future.
  3. Undertake survey and planning for a HV Transmission Line between Mohmand and Peshawar.
  4. Consider a local power generation and distribution company for Mohmand which would be responsible for generating and distributing electricity to NTDC / Operator. It will give local ownership and take focus away from PESCO.

The Government of KP can act upon following recommendations to increase the efficiency of agriculture sector:

  1. Given low education level of local farming community and their subsistence farming approach, it is advised that:
    • Agriculture department of KP, in collaboration with Agriculture University of KP, should apprise local farming community of productivity levels of different crops in their area.
    • Farmers should be encouraged by the concerned departments to plant crops in which their given area holds comparative advantage. In this regard, a certain amount of financial cushion should be provided to farmer/growers to help them in the transition phase –– in cases where farmers are not used to or not familiar with a high yielding agricultural product.
    • Regular workshops and seminars should be conducted to educate farmers on modern farming techniques. In this regard, assistance from UNFAO, USAID could also be sought.
  2. To make credit easily accessible to local farmers following actions can be taken;
    • Encourage commercial banks to offer banking products keeping in mind the local requirement of the growers based on Islamic Banking model, can also extend credit facility to the farmers. Khyber Bank and ZTBL can play an active role in this regard.
    • Educate the farmers on easy credit schemes helping them in getting accessories/equipment while expanding their output.
    • The Agriculture University of KP with assistance from UNFAO and USAID shall facilitate food processing in the districts.

5. Conclusion

Mohmand district is gaining its image by offering investment opportunities in mining sector once the industries in Mohmand Marble city start operations. The district can build a positive image for investors by providing a commercially viable market.